Mobilizing and Facilitating Multi-Sector Support of Antimicrobial Resistance Control in Latin America and the Caribbean

Program Objectives

The PAHO Foundation (PAHOF) is working in partnership with PAHO, Ministries of Health and other stakeholders to deliver on the development of national AMR action plans as called for in the World Health Assembly in 2015 for completion by May 2017. PAHOF is committed to strengthening health systems, building capacity and fostering training and education across all interested and impacted communities.

Recognizing the need for urgent action to address existing gaps in local and regional surveillance, rapid detection and response systems in LAC countries, in order to more rapidly and effectively address threats such as AMR, this multi-sector project was initiated and organized the by PAHOF.  The project will support the efforts in LAC countries to develop and activate strategies to improve surveillance and diagnosis, contain of resistance, prevent healthcare-associated infections and promote judicious utilization of antimicrobials.

Ministries of Health, PAHO country offices and other key stakeholders have pledged to provide support for this project and, to date, financial and technical support for this work has been committed by industry partners including IFPMA, FIFARMA, AMIIF and MSD.

What are the health needs and challenges?

AMR is a serious concern for the Americas, where there is a large use of antibiotics in agriculture, livestock and humans. With antibiotics readily available over the counter without prescriptions, drugs are being overused and misused, which is a major contributor of AMR. According to the World Health Organization, resistance to certain antibiotics for treatment of K. pneumoniae, urinary tract infections and Staphylococcus aureus are already occurring in some areas of the Americas. Further risks for AMR are linked to poor surveillance, weak health infrastructures and non-alignment of capacity to need in health care access and delivery.

Description of partnership activities and how they address needs and challenges

To support the development of effective national AMR planning, the project aims specifically to:

  • Review current surveillance efforts underway in LAC
  • Create strategies to inform solution design for gaps identified
  • Create and test a pilot approach within five countries
  • Create a roadmap and associated time frame for country plan implementation.
  • Undertake a review of the pilot projects for efficacy, replicability and scale.

Corresponding principle in the declaration

“We are committed to antibiotics only being used in patients who need them, we support continued education for clinical professionals on appropriate use, and we welcome the WHO Global Action Plan’s focus on improved stewardship”. 

Read full Declaration by the Pharmaceutical, Biotechnology and Diagnostics Industries on Combating Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)


Partnership information

Therapeutic Focus Infectious Diseases

Disease(s) Drug-Resistant Infections (AMR)

Program Type(s) Research & Development - Development of Treatments

Region(s) Latin America & Caribbean

Number of Countries 21

Country(ies) Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

Start Date 2016

More information The PAHO Foundation

Anticipated completion date Ongoing